Ear and Hearing Problems

Our hearing is one of the most important tools in our perception of the outside world, sometimes due to congenital and sometimes discomfort caused problems. This problem, which starts with the pulse intake and drying of the mucosa in the elderly, is also encountered in infants and children.
The presence of a hearing problem, especially during childhood, where development is the fastest, adversely affects the child’s social life and learning ability.
Hearing loss; Depending on the source of the problem can be treated with medication, hearing aids and surgery.

The eardrum is a thin tissue that separates the middle ear from the outer ear canal in the ear canal. Puncture of the eardrum may occur as a result of impact to the ear, fractures of the bone, sudden pressure changes or excessive insertion of objects such as cotton swabs through the outer ear canal and the ingestion of liquids harmful to the ear. Rarely, middle ear infections can also cause perforation of the eardrum.
The location and magnitude of perforation in the eardrum directly affect hearing. Hearing loss will also be more worrying if it is possible to separate the ossicles in the middle ear as a result of serious impact or trauma to the ear. Likewise, it is inevitable that serious hearing loss will occur if the impact or trauma caused by the inner ear is damaged.

Ear discharge; blood, wax, inflammation, or fluid coming from the ear.
Mostly discharge from the ear is earwax. However, it may also be due to discharge, minor irritations or infections. A torn eardrum may cause white, slightly bloody or yellow ears.
Dry crusted material on children’s pillow often indicates a torn eardrum. Bleeding in the ear may be due to injury, cancer or foreign bodies in the external ear canal.
What are the causes of ear discharge?
Inflammation or infection,
Head trauma, foreign body, very loud sound or sudden pressure changes resulting in rupture or perforation of the eardrum (such as changes in air travel),
Eczema and some skin irritations can cause ear discharge.
In which cases should a doctor be consulted?
If discharge;
If it is yellowish and / or bloody,
If it started after a blow to the ear,
If the duration is longer than five days,
If it causes ear and headache, fever,
If it causes hearing loss, consult a doctor.
How is ear discharge diagnosed?
In case of ear discharge, the ENT doctor will take you to a detailed examination. In order to make a diagnosis, the time of onset of discharge, the duration of flow, the nature of the discharge, the accompanying pain should be known whether there are symptoms such as pain and fever.
How is ear discharge treated?
The treatment of ear discharge depends on the discomfort that causes the discharge. Your doctor may give ear drops to relieve the discharge. However, if the discharge is caused by a torn eardrum, you may need to take antibiotics by mouth.

In otosclerosis (calcification), the bone wall of the inner ear is disrupted and abnormal bone development, such as sponge, at the entrance of the inner ear. The stirrup may also be affected by the small bone that passes through the inner ear to pass sound waves and cannot move. This is due to the loss of connected hearing loss due to the function of passing vibrations from the middle ear through the connected connected bones. Connected hearing loss can be improved. It is not like hearing loss due to inner ear nerves. 0 cannot be corrected.

– On one or both ears
– Tinnitus.

Otosclerosis (calcification) is the most common ear hearing loss in young adults. Otosclerosis represents some ten percent of the American population. Otosclerosis is inherited in the family and is more common among women than men. It appears in white people more than Negroes, Native Americans (Indians) and Asians (yellow skins).

Symptoms were revealed between 15 and 35 years of age. This condition progresses slowly, and one ear or both ears more than once. Hearing loss can be mild or severe. The percentage of hearing loss on the computer with calcification may increase in the pregnancy menu. If your hearing is getting weaker, see your doctor.


You may notice that your hearing needs decrease, you need your doctor. Your doctor will check your ear, check your hearing, and ask any of your relatives for early hearing loss.

Otosclerosis does not affect the overall efficacy and planning time is a curable disease. Together, deafness can be emotionally difficult and can lead to distance from the environment.

Treatment and Surgical Treatment

Otosclerosis is often performed with a surgery called stapedectomy, which cuts the skin of the ear canal and removes the eardrum; thus removing the stirrup bone and replacing it with a thin wire or a stainless steel prosthesis. Then the eardrum is restored and heals within 1-2 weeks. Sometimes a laser can be used to drill a small hole in the base of the stirrup and place the prosthesis.

There may be dizziness for several hours after surgery, but then passes. Your hearing is quickly reinstated and you can return to normal activities within a few weeks. Occasionally, a blood clot forms in the middle ear, affecting sound conduction. Usually this clot disappears in a few weeks.

Stapedectomy is successful in most patients with otosclerosis, but one out of every 100 people may have complete hearing loss after surgery. This is a condition that should be considered before surgery. If you have otosclerosis in both ears, it is more appropriate to have surgery on one ear first and have the second operated after seeing the result. If there is damage to the inner ear, stapedectomy may not solve the problem.


Sodium fluoride, calcium and vitamin D tablets are used to prevent progressive bone deterioration and hearing loss due to hardening of sponge-like bones. However, there is debate about how useful they are.

Hearing Aids

Hearing aids are another way to correct hearing loss due to otosclerosis. If you have calcification (otosclerosis) in one or both ears, your doctor may refer you to an audiologist for placement of a hearing aid.

Acute otitis media occurs in four basic forms. Serous otitis media, acute otitis media, acute purulent otitis media, and secretory otitis media. In the mildest (serous) watery ear infection, fluid accumulates in the middle ear. This is because the Eustachian tube is closed or excessive fluid is excreted in the middle ear. Discomfort may be heard and temporary hearing loss, but usually no infection.


– Feeling fullness in the ear
– Severe ear pain
– High fever and cold
– Nausea and diarrhea
– hearing loss

In the second type (fluent ear inflammation) there is both plaster and infection. This usually develops with and associated with upper respiratory tract infection, adenoid growth, or both. This inflammation of the ear causes the third type of ear infection and the most dangerous moment is acute purulent ear infection.

In this third type, the middle ear is filled with pus and the pressure of the cereal can detonate the eardrum. As a result, blood and purulent flow. Acute purulent ear infection affects children the most. The infection may also be viral. It can also be caused by bacteria.

Occasionally, when the inflammation of the ear lasts or repeats, changes occur in the cells around the middle ear. These cells begin to secrete a darker liquid. The result is secretory ear inflammation.


Hearing loss and fever with sharp pain in the ear, otitis media (inflammation of the middle ear) may be (if you have an ear infection, babies cry constantly and pull the sick ear). Consult your doctor without delay. Your doctor may take a culture sample and send it to the laboratory to determine the causative agent.

Aqueous or secreted (thick fluid) ear inflammation is a disturbing condition, but does not cause permanent hearing loss. If the more serious types of ear inflammation are not treated properly, the infection may spread to the mastoid protrusion and rarely into the inner ear. If the tympanic membrane’s middle ear bones or inner ear structure is damaged, permanent hearing loss may occur.


You can reduce the pain caused by acute ear inflammation until you see your doctor. You can take aspirin or some other painkiller and put a small, warm pillow over your ear.


For clear otitis media (serous otitis media), your doctor may give a decongestant nose drop to help you breathe more easily through the nose and increase the amount of air from the eustachian tube to the middle ear. It can also treat antibiotics in acute and purulent otitis media. If there is no inflammation, other antibiotics may be added to the treatment.

If nasal discharge and various nasal allergies contribute to the development of otitis media, your doctor may prescribe nasal drops and antihistamines.


If there is excessive pressure on the eardrum, the membrane is opened by surgical intervention (myringotomy) to relieve the pressure. In children this application is performed under general anesthesia in the hospital. The eardrum closes within 1-2 weeks.

At the entrance of the ear canal, the special sebaceous glands on the hair, called “serum”, are dark yellow or light brown. The cerumen language is incorrectly called earwax. Sometimes this very special and natural body epidemic that does not need to be removed frequently does not need to be cleaned inadequate secretion causes it to dry in the ear canal and itch.

When is the ear cleaned?
Normally, a clean area is not required for the inner part of the ear canal. If the ear canal is not cleaned at all, bile is excreted spontaneously over time. The self-cleaning ability of the ear canal is not possible, the serum is not possible to block the ear. After cleaning the ear canal mouth, clean the ear canal after cleaning your earpiece.

While trying not to clean the serum, the skin is pushed, the skin of the ear canal dry and spilled, working in dusty environment for reasons such as ear plugs “plug” in the plugs. Stoppers give the following symptoms

Feeling fullness in the ear
Partial hearing loss
Tinnitus or humming in the ear
Itching, odor or discharge
Cough without any other cause
How to clean the ear?
Wiping the ear canal entry with a cotton swab that is wrapped around the fingertip is sufficient since the self-discharging serum is present. Inserting objects such as cotton, cotton swabs, napkins, towels into the ear canal only pushes and clogs the serum deeply and makes it happen.

How is ear plugs treated?
Unhardened serum plugs can flow spontaneously by dropping glycerin or baby oil. Serum plugs and hardened plugs that are not opened in this way can be cleaned by a physician with special tools, vacuum pulling or washing.

Those with holes in the eardrum (tympanic membrane perforation) should not drip any substance or medicine into the ear canal, and the cleaning of the plug should not be done by washing. Otherwise, pain in the ear and inflammation of the middle ear may occur. Persons with holes in the eardrum should tell the doctor in advance, as the doctor will not be able to evaluate the eardrum behind the plug before cleaning.

Once the ear is cleaned, it should always be cleaned, right?
No. The need for periodic cleaning of the ear does not depend on the fact that it is cleaned once, but on the overproduction of serum, the epidemic characteristics, the structure of the ear canal, and the skin characteristics of the person.

Can ear plugs be prevented?
The only method that can prevent the formation of a plug is to not clean with objects inserted into the ear canal. It is useful for people who are prone to the development of ear plugs to go to an Ear Nose and Throat Diseases specialist for 6 to 12 months without obstruction.

External ear; auricle and the outer ear canal.
Ear canopy; skin, subcutaneous tissue, cartilage membrane and chondrial layers. The organ transmits the external sound waves to the external ear canal.
External ear canal; It consists of cartilage, hair follicles in front, fat, sweat and cerumen glands, bone roof in the middle and eardrum.
External ear diseases are divided into two;
1. Ear Disease (Sayvan) Diseases: autohematoma (painful swelling), perichondritis, zona zoster oticum and sayvan tumors, especially deformities.
2. Outer Ear Diseases: external ear canal eczema, especially external ear canal inflammation, accumulation of earwax in the external ear canal, foreign body escape to the external ear canal, ear fungus, bullous myringitis, malignant otitis externa, ear fungus, external foreign body into the ear canal, exostosis and external ear canal tumors.
What are the symptoms of external ear canal inflammation? How is the disease diagnosed?
Symptoms of external ear canal inflammation include:
Symptoms such as itching in the outer ear, yellow, yellow-green colored and smelly discharge, inflamed or smelly), pain and congestion are signs of inflammation.
The ear and ear canal appear red and swollen.
The scalp may be scaly and rashed.
Touching or moving the outer ear canal increases pain.
During the diagnosis, it may be difficult to observe the tympanic membrane due to swelling in the external auditory canal. The doctor may take a sample of discharge from the external ear canal and send it to the laboratory to identify any bacteria or fungi.
If symptoms persist despite treatment, or if new complaints such as pain, redness of the skull base or persistent fever are added, consult your doctor.
How is the external ear canal inflammation treated?
In the first stage of treatment of external ear canal inflammation, discharge in the ear canal should be cleared. This facilitates the effectiveness of the drugs. In order for the drugs to reach the end of the external auditory canal, 4 or 5 drops should be instilled at one time.
If the ear canal is very swollen, a suppository-like sponge may need to be placed in the outer ear canal to allow the drops to reach the inside. If the pain is severe, painkiller can be used. Applying something warm to the ear can reduce pain.
In therapy;
• Ear drops containing antibiotics,
• Antimycotics can be used for fungi.
If symptoms persist despite treatment or if new complaints such as pain, redness of the skull base, ongoing fever are added, consult your doctor.
What complications can occur if inflammation of the external auditory canal is not treated?
Inflammation of the external auditory canal responds well to treatment; but not treated;
Malignant otitis externa in some people with underlying problems such as diabetes,
Chronic otitis externa (chronic external ear infection),
Complications such as the spread of infection to other parts of the body may occur.
What is an external ear canal inflammation? What are the causes of the discomfort?
Inflammation of the outer ear can refer to inflammation, irritation or infection of the outer ear and the external ear canal. The disease is also known as swimmer’s ear – otitis externa. There are many causes of external ear inflammation:
Trying to remove earwax with cotton swabs or small objects can cause irritation to the ear canal skin. Microbes can easily settle in this damaged tissue, causing infection.
The swimmer’s ear may also occur during upper respiratory infections, such as a middle ear infection or a common cold.
Humidity of the ear provides the basis for infection by bacteria such as pseudomonas who love the aqueous environment.
Other bacteria and rarely fungi can also cause infection in the outer ear.
Apart from all these factors;
Swimming in polluted waters,
Scratch the ear, mix,
Foreign body in the ear,
Washing the ear can also cause inflammation in the external ear canal.
What should be considered to prevent external ear infections?
The following measures can be taken to prevent external ear infections:
Not scratching the ears, not sticking the ear cleaning stick or other objects into the ear
Keeping the ears clean
Dry the ear after exposure to moisture (with soft cotton)
Avoid swimming in polluted waters
Using ear plugs when swimming
After the ears get wet, mix one drop of alcohol and one drop of white vinegar and drip this mixture into your ear.
What is external ear canal eczema? What are the causes of the discomfort?
External ear canal eczema is an itchy lesion of the outer ear skin. This type of eczema is most often caused by infection and allergies. Scratching the ear with a finger, ear stick, or a foreign body to relieve the itching may increase the problem further, causing infection to multiply.
The most common causes of allergy-induced eczema in the external ear canal are hair dye, makeup products and shampoos containing the substances that the person is allergic to. Infection can also be seen in severe allergies.
How is external ear canal eczema diagnosed and treated?
In the treatment of the disease you must first find out what causes eczema, puncture the eardrum or check for different ear diseases. antibiotics are used to treat eczema caused by infection.
In allergic eczema, skin irritant should be detected and its use should be avoided. Ointment or ear drops may be recommended to relieve itching, which is the most discomforting complaint of eczema.

Tinnitus is a medical term derived from the Latin word “tinnire ına which means mak tinnitus Latince. It is an occasional or audible sound that is defined by the individual as a sound of rattles, birds, whistles, metal, or ringtones that are heard occasionally or continuously in one or both ears or head.
Tinnitus can be seen in people of all ages and is more common in adults. Parents need to be aware of this, as early resonance may occur in children exposed to high noise. They should not constantly bring their children to environments where they may be exposed to such noise, and should try to keep them as far away from the speaker as possible.

What is tinnitus? What are the reasons for ringing?
Tinnitus is not the name of a disease alone, but a sign of a hearing system disorder.
Tinnitus is mainly examined under two main headings. These:
1) Objective Tinnitus: Tinnitus that can be heard by others.
2) Subjective Tinnitus: Tinnitus only heard by the patient.
Objective tinnitus forms a very small proportion of patients and in this group the cause of tinnitus can be identified and treated.
Subjective resonance is a very large proportion of patients. Such tinnitus is more difficult to treat.
What Causes Tinnitus?
There may be many reasons for tinnitus. Some of these reasons may be caused by non-serious reasons such as ear wax; infection, perforation of the tympanic membrane, accumulation of fluid in the middle ear, stiffening of the joints of the middle ear bones, allergy, high / low blood pressure, tumor, diabetes, head and neck may be more important causes such as impacts. Often referred to as earwax, but in fact the ear’s secretion of the secretion of the ear canal obstruction, the earliest and most simple reason is tinnitus. Serum secretion is naturally produced in the external ear canal and the amount may be excessive in some individuals. Trying to clean the ear with tools such as cotton swabs, hairpins will cause the pile to accumulate near the membrane of the outer ear canal and cause blockage. Treatment is to remove dirt.

Other causes of tinnitus are:
Noise-Induced Tinnitus: Occurs due to damage to the hearing cells in the inner ear after sudden or prolonged high noise. If ringing occurs suddenly, you should consult an Ear Nose and Throat specialist without delay. There is a chance that the problem may partially improve with treatment. Unfortunately, the chances of treatment due to long-term exposure are low.
Tinnitus due to the use of some drugs: It depends on the use of ototoxic drugs. These; aspirin and aspirin-derived drugs, some diuretics (depending on the dose), some cancer or rheumatic drugs, some antibiotics (gentamicin, etc.). There is a low chance that such tinnitus will improve with treatment.
Ear Infections: Tinnitus in cases such as inflammation of the middle ear or fluid accumulation in the ear (serous otitis), if not affected the inner ear, is greatly improved by medical treatment.
Jaw Joint Problems: Tinnitus may occur in the jaw diseases where the jaw muscles and nerves in close contact with the ear are affected. These patients should be referred to dentist and maxillofacial surgeon.
Presbiacuzi: It is due to increasing permanent loss of hearing nerve due to aging. Despite the technology of the 21st century, it is not possible to completely tinkle. However, some methods try to reduce the discomfort caused by at least tinnitus.
Cardiovascular Diseases: On average 3% of tinnitus patients have pulsatile tinnitus. In other words, they usually hear a rhythmic, pulse sound that goes along with their heartbeat. This situation; high blood pressure, arteriosclerosis, abnormal arcuation of the main artery in the neck, the neck of the vein of the neck entering the base of the ear very close to the middle ear (jugular bulbus) may be caused by vascular problems.
Head or Neck Trauma: In such cases, headache, dizziness, memory loss, etc. are associated with resonance. visible. Tinnitus is considered permanent if there is damage to the hearing nerve.
Meniere’s Disease: It is a disease that continues with attacks of dizziness, tinnitus and hearing loss. Over the years, resonance can become a permanent state.

Otosclerosis: Otosclerosis is an ear disease caused by calcification of the ear ossicles. The treatment of the disease is surgery. However, if it is accompanied by tinnitus, this means that the calcification has affected the hearing nerve, in which case the calcified bone may be removed surgically but may not resume.
Some Tumors: Very rarely, benign and slow-growing hearing nerve or tumors involving the balance nerve can also cause ringing. In such a case, a unilateral resonance, significant unilateral hearing loss, imbalance, dizziness are also seen.

How is tinnitus diagnosed?
Since the diseases that cause tinnitus are not fully known, the patient usually refers to a ENT specialist first. Middle ear infection, jaw problem etc. by specialist. whether the patient is examined.
The most important factor in the diagnosis of tinnitus is the history of tinnitus. After a detailed clinical evaluation, the cause of the resonance can be understood. Various tests can also be used to diagnose tinnitus.

These tests:
X ray
Evoked Response Audiometry
Tinnitus Curtain Match
Tinnitus Sound Volume Match

How is tinnitus treated?
The treatment of tinnitus caused by different reasons will also vary according to the causes. Before starting treatment for your complaint, it is important that a specialist physician determine the underlying causes of your resonance. There is no specific treatment in most of the complaints with tinnitus.
The majority of patients complain of subjective resonance. The cause may be age-related hearing loss, continuous loud sound exposure, sudden voice trauma, or the use of toxic drugs in the inner ear. There is no definite treatment method for this group of patients which is widely accepted in the world and has proven therapeutic properties. However, there are many treatment methods in this subject.
In the treatment of tinnitus, inflammation of the middle ear, etc. If an organic cause is detected, such as treatment is initiated. However, if any damage to the auditory nerve occurs, ancillary treatment and techniques are applied to reduce the discomfort caused by tinnitus. Finding the true cause of the disease also facilitates the positive outcome of the treatment.
The methods used to reduce tinnitus can be found under the heading hangi What methods are used to treat tinnitus?..

Is laser effective in the treatment of tinnitus?
Recently, there have been claims that tinnitus is treated with laser. However, there is no evidence-based study that may be applicable to medicine, indicating that laser therapy stops ringing.
Tinnitus is a condition that needs to be seriously evaluated and evaluated with a specific approach plan.

What should we pay attention to to avoid tinnitus?
Tinnitus is a difficult disease to treat because it is important to prevent this condition from the beginning. Here are some measures that can be taken for this:
• Avoid exposure to loud music.
• Have your blood pressure checked continuously.
• Reduce salt intake.
• Stay away from coffee, cola and cigarettes that have a stimulating effect on the nervous system.
• Take time to relax and don’t get tired.
• Be careful not to worry about the sound you hear. Try to ignore these sounds as a disturbing but insignificant fact.
• Tinnitus is especially intense during sleep, so listening to your favorite music can help you not hear the tinnitus.

Fluid Collection in the Middle Ear: It is a disease characterized by the accumulation of fluid in the middle ear, ie behind the eardrum. Although it is usually seen in childhood, it may also be seen in some nasal tumors and in adults after ear infections. Even fluid collection can be a symptom of some diseases.

When we detect fluid in the middle ear, we immediately begin antibiotic treatment. We use long-term antibiotic treatment and supportive medications for three to four weeks in fluids that do not pass during weekly controls. Supporting drugs are the drugs that open the tube called the eustachian tube that provides the connection between the middle ear and the throat. If the fluid has not improved after one month of antibiotic therapy, we will monitor the patient with supportive drugs for two months. If the disease continues during this period, we apply the tube to the ear.

Some patients do not wait long to put a tube in the ear. For example; In adult patients with nasal flesh tumors, immediate tumor treatment is initiated as well as tube administration.

In addition to the application of a tube to the ear in patients with nasal fever problem with fluid in the ear, we also take nasal flesh by the same operation. If we detect this disease at the beginning of the summer season, we can extend this period of three months. If fluid is detected in the ear in the last spring, the three-month waiting period may be shortened, as the upper respiratory tract disease will increase in winter and will worsen the disease.

Fungal spores are normally present in the external ear canal. They find reproductive media as a result of factors such as water leakage and moisture. Especially during the sea, pool and hammam holidays are common. It is also common during the course of chronic discharge otitis media. The use of local antibiotics may mediate the disease, but systemic drugs do not have such side effects. They can be seen unilaterally or bilaterally.

Itching, bad smelling discharge, hearing loss, sometimes makes pain complaints. Pain indicates that the disease penetrates the depth of tissue. This situation occurs more often in people with ear-mixing habits. therefore confusing the ear is not the right habit, it invites the disease.

Treatment is by means of good cleaning and acidification of the canal with the help of aspirator. Boric acid dissolved in alcohol is used for this purpose. This mixture can cause pain in patients with eardrum holes and tissue-penetrating fungi. In this case the dose can be reduced instead of discontinuing the drug. Wait a while after each drop. When a burning sensation occurs, the drip is stopped. The next time is continued with the previous dose. If pain is still a problem, two drops of local anesthetic can be used before acidic drops.

No special medication is required for fungal germs. The treatment is completely local and systemic, ie oral medications have no effect. Drip forms of drugs are the most effective. Spray cannot reach the eardrum. In some clinics, a specially prepared solution is used. Although this solution is highly effective, it is not preferred by me due to its dyeing properties.

Cleanliness is extremely important. Unless the medium of infection is eliminated, it cannot be prevented from recurring even if the disease seems to heal. Cleaning should be done at least once a week. Treatment is continued for 20 days. If there is not enough discharge to disturb the environment and the patient, cotton should not be put in the outer ear canal.

Otomycosis may be refractory to treatment, with recurrences. If the disease is good with medication, but it recurs frequently, each should acidify the outer ear canal before the risk of contact with water. For example, drip 5-10 drops of alcohol boric solution 15 minutes before the baths. This process does not cause pain if the outer ear canal and membrane are intact.

The fungal species do not matter in the treatment planning, so culture is not required. Antibiotic use has no place in treatment.

Fungal infections do not cause permanent damage to the eardrum and the outer ear canal. Their hearing loss is improved with treatment.

Ear congestion is a condition that causes a feeling of congestion in the ears and prevents clear sounds to be heard. This discomfort is usually seen in airplane passengers.

What are the causes of ear obstruction?
Pressure changes in the middle ear (barotrauma), foreign objects, insects that accidentally enter the ear canal, excessive accumulation of earwax, some growths in the ear, ear diseases, allergic reactions, ear infections, influenza, migraine, sinus infections and high places factors are the main causes of ear obstruction.

Even muscle jams in the shoulders and neck are among the causes of ear congestion. Some of these factors cause damage to the eustachian tube that connects the middle ear to the esophagus. The task of this tube is to press air on both sides of the eardrum by providing air in and out of the middle ear. The pressure on both sides should be equal. However, when the Eustachian tube is obstructed, the pressure in the middle ear is reduced and as a result, the eardrum is pulled inward. This causes a sense of congestion in the ear.

What are the symptoms of ear obstruction?
Discomfort or pain in one or both ears
Hearing loss (mild)
Fullness or congestion in the ears
If the obstruction is prolonged:
Feelings of pressure in the ears (as if under water),
Moderate to severe hearing loss,
Nose bleeding is seen.

When should a doctor be consulted?
Ear congestion is a transient problem and usually passes by itself. However, symptoms should also be considered. If you have pain and fluid coming from your ear, as well as your congestion, treatment can only be performed by a doctor. In this case, see your doctor.

When should a doctor be consulted?
Ear congestion is a transient problem and usually passes by itself. However, symptoms should also be considered. If you have pain and fluid coming from your ear, as well as your congestion, treatment can only be performed by a doctor. In this case, see your doctor.

How is ear blockage treated?
Treatment of ear obstruction varies according to the cause of the obstruction. However, in order to relieve ear pain or discomfort primarily in the treatment, the eustachian stock exchange should be opened and the pressure should be relieved. For this, one can chew gum; can breathe and exhale by closing the nostrils and mouth; can eat sugar, stretch. Those who suffer from ear congestion due to barotrauma should take care in aircraft takeoffs, landings, dives and descents if they are engaged in diving.

Antihistamines and streodies may also be effective in the treatment of ear obstruction.

If the Eustachian tube does not open with these interventions, surgical intervention may be necessary. An incision in the eardrum (myringotomy) is used to see if there is fluid in the ear, if there is fluid, it is taken out of the ear. The ear tube can also be attached to this hole, which is opened for air passage to the middle ear.

It is a disease characterized by sudden onset of ear pain and fever in children. All people have at least one middle ear infection until the age of six. Young children can not express themselves fully because of this disease in addition to fever and cry.

Fever is usually above 38 degrees and responds to antipyretics. Antibiotic treatment should be given if we cannot control the fever in 24 hours with antipyretics.

Examination of the ear shows a red and curved eardrum. If treatment is delayed, there will be a perforation of the eardrum and an ear discharge.

Treatment is done with antibiotherapy and ancillary drugs. Fever and ear pain disappear completely 48-72 hours after starting antibiotherapy. But the antibiotic-
should be used for at least 7 days. If antibiotic treatment is stopped early, the disease may recur in a short time.
What are the ways of protection?

– As much as possible, we should protect our child from upper respiratory diseases such as flu.

– Influenza vaccination is recommended for children who are starting nursery or kindergarten.

– We should keep the child upright while breastfeeding or bottle feeding. Inpatient feeding causes milk or formula to escape into the ear, which can cause inflammation of the ear.

– Children with frequent nasal inflammation and tonsillitis should be treated as soon as possible. No smoking should be carried out with children.

The bucket ear is characterized by the fact that the ear shape is flat and that the ear pin can be seen clearly when viewed from the front.

Genetic features are in the foreground. In other words, if a person has a bucket ear, first-degree or second-degree relatives have a bucket ear. For this reason, those who have buccal ear disorders in their family or themselves should pay attention to the presence of bucket ears in their babies on the first day when they have children. The first 24 hours are very important. If bucket ears are detected in the first 24 hours, the bucket ear deformity can be corrected if the ears are glued back with a tennis band or glazing paste.

In general, this period is spent due to the excitement of birth and problems seen in babies on the first day and our children are presented as bucket ears.

If our children have buccal ear problems, this condition should be corrected by otoplasty surgery when it is detected in preschool period or in other words after 5 years of age.

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