Children and Allergic Diseases
A combination of genetic predisposition and the surrounding allergen first results in sensitization in the body from infancy. As a result of this sensitivity, the immune system secretes an antibody called IgE, which should not normally be secreted against this substance. This antibody is distributed throughout the body through the bloodstream and adheres to the cells of the immune system. If the allergen reaches the body again, it immediately recognizes it and reacts violently. During this reaction, thousands of substances released from the immune system produce an abnormally allergic inflammation in the organ where the allergen is acting, causing symptoms of the disease. If this is an allergic inflammation in the nose, sneezing, runny nose, nasal itching, hay fever characterized by watering in the eyes, wheezing breathing in the lungs bronchial breathing, shortness of breath and dark sputum and allergic bronchial asthma, skin itching, redness and causes allergic eczema that causes dryness, abdominal pain in the intestine, diarrhea, vomiting, and causes many symptoms other than the intestines. Since our immune system, which causes allergy, has an abnormal and severe reaction to the allergens around us and the immune system cells are everywhere in our bloodstream, allergy symptoms can be seen not only in that organ but in many different organs. For example, symptoms such as migraine headaches, chest pains, stagnant cough, stagnant cough, frequent and prolonged colds, growth in children and retardation can also be caused by allergies. The inefficiency and failure of the child due to allergic complaints may be overlooked. In fact, the reason for all these relatives is the upper respiratory allergy which is called aman allergic rhinitis tıbbi in the medical definition and which is hay fever, spring fever, allergic fever etc. among the people. However, there are other factors that cause these complaints. However, it is mostly and allergy in the foreground. It should not be forgotten that in addition to the complaints experienced and experienced by parents, allergic rhinitis is not only limited to sneezing, nasal discharge and burning in the eyes. 70-80% of these children also have eye allergies. Therefore, these children also have erjik allergic eye fever ve and can sometimes cause serious problems. We, pediatric allergy specialists, call this disease “allergic rhinoconjunctivitis gelen, which means allergic nose and eye fever. More importantly, however, the risk of developing allergic asthma in these children with allergic rhinitis is increased by 4-8 times to normal. In other words, children with allergic rhinitis are also candidates for allergic asthma and should be examined and monitored in this respect. This issue will be discussed in more detail later.
What are the symptoms and signs of allergic rhinitis in children?
Allergic rhinitis causes sneezing / sneezing, nasal congestion, runny nose like water, itching of the nose and soft palate. These findings often occur in the spring months for the reasons mentioned above. For this reason, “spring allergy, spring fever, hay fever ..” names such as the public has been given. In addition, as mentioned above, burning, watering, flushing and itching are evident in the eyes. The presence of both eye and nose symptoms leads to a complete “flu” picture. Sometimes these symptoms can be perceived as common flu, flu. In fact, since most flu medicines contain antiallergic substances, symptoms can be relieved with the use of these medications, causing continued misperception. This leads to delayed admission to the doctor and allergy treatment. However, this is not a common flu-like table in an average week. Patients have to carry handkerchiefs in their hands to wipe the nose. Nasal congestion continues due to the night sleep order is disrupted. Frequent sneezing during the day, nasal itching and burning in the eyes, watering can lead to serious concentration disorders. The child falls to school success, the adult to work success. The so-called “allergy salute burn nose-to-back rubbing movement is very typical due to continuous scratching. This movement is done for a long time as a result of a horizontal line in the nose belt. There is also a constant bruise on the lower eyelids due to nasal congestion. A continuous allergic reaction to the nose and runny nose cause nasal discharge and nighttime coughs, especially at night. During the day, the sound of continuous nasal cleaning is made. Allergic rhinitis occurs on average 20% year-round. The most common cause of this is house dust mites. In addition, year-round allergic rhinitis can lead to caviar, fungus and cockroach allergens that are not very common in our country. However, nasal congestion is the most common complaint in allergic rhinitis lasting all year long caused by house dust mites. However, it is frequently seen in chronic nasal inflammation and sinusitis. There are also sneezing, sneezing, nasal itching and eye complaints. However, the severity of these complaints is less than the spring allergy due to pollen. The severity of nasal obstruction is greater.